How to Fix Damaged Hair
Your clients may be coming to you after a service complaining about their colour or bleach damaged hair. As a professional, you have done your best to ensure they received the best service possible, but sometimes it is hard to avoid damage in the process. When a client’s hair is being coloured or bleached, it is exposed to harsh chemicals that can result in damage. Chemicals alter the cells of hair and make the hair follicle more porous and filled with tiny holes. Colour and hair proteins are extracted in order for hair to be lightened. Bleach raises the cuticle scale which allows the agent to penetrate, which consequently results in a rapid loss of moisture.
What your client is left with after a colouring service or frequent bleaching is dry, brittle and inelastic hair, often resulting in breakage and split ends. In that state, hair is more vulnerable to further damage from perms, straightening services or hot styling tools as it will be more porous and swollen. You will need to ensure you provide your client with the best advice and recommendations for them to further maintain their hair at home, or even advise them when further colouring or bleaching is not going to have a positive effect on their hair. Here are some suggestions you can recommend your clients for the reparation and maintenance of their bleach damaged hair:
1. The correct shampoo and conditioner
After a service, you can advise your client to use shampoo and conditioner that aids in the maintenance of their colour. Shampoos specifically designed to maintain coloured hair work their magic to preserve colour intensity and enhance its shine.
If your client is not happy with a colour they have received. An example is when a colour is too dark, you can recommend they use a clarifying shampoo to lighten it up. Otherwise, there are colour removal kits that they can purchase from the drug store.
Another option is to skip the shampoo altogether and go straight for a cleansing conditioner as it is more nourishing on hair. Regular shampooing can be drying on hair, but conditioner will also achieve a light clean while adding moisture to the hair.
Fanola’s After Colour Duo Pack is perfect for coloured and treated hair. It helps preserve the colour and has many ingredients to help nourish and make hair healthier, including Vitamin E and Linseed Oil.
18 in 1 Shampoo and Conditioner is fabulous for detoxifying hair. Enriched with Bamboo Charcoal, Canadian Willow Herb and Kakadu Plum, it reaps of many benefits by visibly cleansing hair if a client is looking to lessen the effect of their colour.
2. A hair mask or treatment
Bleach and dyed hair will have had all the moisture removed from it, so you will have to recommend your client applies treatment masks to replenish the loss of moisture. These include essential oils that add nourishment to hair and bring it back to vitality. Your clients can opt for a home-made hair treatment mask or a store-bought remedy.
Homemade Treatment Masks
There are a variety of oils and ingredients that you can recommend for damaged hair.
- Argan Oil has been renowned as liquid gold for its nourishing properties. Rich in Vitamin E and fatty acids, it transforms dry and damaged hair into softer and shinier hair.
- Coconut Oil is an effective conditioner as it also has a chain of fatty acids that nourishes hair from within and leaves it moisturised.
- Avocado Oil has oleic acid and monosaturated fats that penetrate the hair shaft and strengthens it, preventing breakage and leaving it shiny and soft.
- Macadamia Oil is an intensive nut oil also high in fatty acids which adds shine and vitality to hair strands while coating the ends and leaving the scalp moisturised.
You can advise your clients to make their own masks combining a few of these ingredients. This would be the more cost-effective method of adding that moisture back into hair.
Professional Masks and Treatments
However, if they are looking for a quick fix and have the money to spare, you can recommend some nourishing masks or treatments for coloured hair that work wonders. It is a great investment for your client and also a great way for you to upsell.
Fanola After Colour Mask is a hydrating and nourishing mask for coloured and treated hair, enriched with Linseed and Betacarotene.
Inebrya Colour Mask for coloured and streaked hair nourishes damaged and stressed tresses, while also maintaining cosmetic colour.
Another hot pick is the Keraterm Hair Ritual Kit that is specially designed to discipline frizzy hair but also aids in replenishing hair that has had chemical treatments. It is enriched with Keratin, Karite butter and Macadamia Oil.
3. Avoid products Silicone and Sulphates
You may wish to tell your clients the following:
- Silicone Dimethicone is a non-water soluble that creates a coating over hair, initially giving it a soft and smooth appearance. However, a build-up of it prevents essential oils and other moisturising ingredients from penetrating the hair shaft.
- Sulphates are an additive to shampoos and conditioners that causes it to lather up. The most common type is Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS). It is also a surfactant, which helps the shampoo loosen and remove grease and sebum from hair. It may, in fact, be so effective at doing this that it can strip the hair of essential oils.
18 in 1 is a great range that is Sulphate and Silicon free. Also available in this range is a toning shampoo and mask that will both nourish hair and help tone blonde hair at the same time.
4. Their next service or trim
Sometimes adding colour or altering colour could do more damage than good to hair affected by bleach or colour. Instead, perhaps advise your clients to get a trim to remove severely damaged parts of hair, otherwise, they could continue to break up the hair shaft and make hair even more unhealthy. A trim should prevent breakage and split ends from further damaging the healthy hair.
5. The correct brush to prevent further damage
If hair is already damaged from chemical processing, the worst thing a client can do is continue to snag and pull at it to cause more damage. Their hair may have lost elasticity and more prone to breakage, especially when hair is wet. You can recommend a decent brush without plastic beads on the bristles for them to use, which minimises damage. The go-to is generally boar bristle brush or wide tooth combs.
Glammar Tangle Tonic is fantastic as it is gentle on hair by minimising snag and tugging.
You can even recommend this wide tooth comb and advise your clients to brush gently, first untangling ends and then brushing root to mid section of the hair.
6. Avoid washing hair so frequently
Some clients will hate the idea of not being able to wash their hair, but you know that the best way to preserve colour is to reduce washing until necessary. This also allows the hair to produce its own natural oils to nourish and replenish hair. You can recommend a dry shampoo that they can use as an in-between wash remedy.
7. Avoid hot styling tools
Heat is the worst thing your client can apply to their colour and bleach damaged hair. Advise them to steer clear of hot styling tools that will worsen the damage.
If they must, then you can recommend them to use a thermal protector spray. This will not offer full protection against heat damage, but will not strip the hair of its natural moisture.
If your client’s hair is so severely damaged, then you may want to advise them to give their hair some time before another service. Time for their hair to grow out may be the best solution.