How to Get Rid of Dandruff
What is dandruff?
Dandruff (pityriasis capitis) is the flaking of dead skin from the scalp and is a condition that can often cause itching and redness. The top layer of the skin constantly sheds and renews itself, however, dandruff occurs when the inflammation causes the cells to stick together and produce large clumps that can be visibly seen. Overproduction of dandruff can leave many people feeling embarrassed as it is can be highly visible, especially when wearing black clothing. There are various methods on how to get rid of dandruff, but first, let’s understand some causes.
How is it caused?
There are many causes to dandruff and treatment will depend on the condition of your scalp. It is best to seek the advice of a doctor or dermatologist if your symptoms are severe. Some of the following factors will contribute to your production of dandruff:
- Dry Skin – dry skin is a common occurrence and can cause itchy and flaky skin. Usually smaller flakes implicate it is a result of dry skin, especially during winter periods.
- Seborrheic Dermatitis (irritated, oily skin) – this is a more severe form of dandruff caused by inflammation caused by the body’s reaction to yeast along the scalp. It is linked to a fungus called Malassezia that lives on everybody’s scalp and feeds on the oils secreted from hair follicles. This can appear on patients as dry or greasy scaling of the scalp or with yellow-red scaling in areas of the body commonly affected – along the hairline, behind the hair, on the eyebrows, on creases of nose and lips, the nose, the underarms and groin areas.
- Skin conditions – Skin disorders such as psoriasis and eczema can cause dandruff.
- Reaction to products – some skin care and hair care products may cause a reaction and result in dry, itchy and scaly scalp.
- Diet – A diet containing zinc, B vitamins and some types of fats help reduce production of dandruff.
- Other reasons – It is important to brush your hair often so that it aids in the process of shedding skin. Stress is also a factor some experts have suggested affects skin conditions. Also, some diseases such as Parkinson’s Disease can affect the body’s immunity and make them more prone to having dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis.
There are shampoos and products that are available over the counter in most stores and pharmacies to treat and get rid of dandruff. However, be mindful that seborrheic dermatitis cannot be cured using these products, only controlled. Try to remove scaly or crusty patches on the scalp before applying any product so it can be more effective.
Most anti-dandruff products contain some of these ingredients:
- Ketoconazole is an anti-fungal treatment used to control flaking, scaling and itching of the scalp caused by dandruff. Ketoconazole is usually used every 3 to 4 days for up to 8 weeks and symptoms should improve within the first 2 to 4 weeks of treatment.
- Selenium sulfide is an anti-infective medication used to treat dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis by reducing itching, flaking, irritation and redness of the scalp. It is usually used 1 or 2 times a week to treat dandruff.
- Zinc pyrithione is an antimicrobial added to shampoos to get rid of dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis. Applied every 2 to 3 days and is effective against many species of fungus and bacteria.
- Coal tar works by causing skin to shed dead cells from its top layer and slow down the growth of skin cells. This decreases the scaling and dryness, while also decreasing itchiness.
- Salicylic acid loosens and softens scaly skin and thereby making it easier to remove.
- Tea-tree oil has antifungal and antibacterial elements that help fight conditions causing dandruff. Rubbing the oil gently on the scalp and hair in a dry state can help the oil penetrate the scalp and reduce stubborn dandruff, leaving hair free from itchiness, dryness and discomfort.
- Green Tea is packed with antioxidants which hep to exfoliate the scalp and get rid of dandruff flakes.
A shampoo with at least one of these ingredients will help keep dandruff under control. Once this has been achieved, they can be used less frequently as these shampoos can lose effectiveness after long-term use. Keep the shampoo in your hair for around 5 minutes so that the ingredients have time to be active and work on the scalp.
If you still have dandruff after several weeks of use, it is highly recommended that you visit a doctor or dermatologist to consult on the problem.
Inebrya Cleany Shampoo
Inebrya Cleany is ideal for eliminating impurities in the scalp, performing its purifying action utilising extracts of orange and lemon to regulate sebum production and restore scalp to natural balance.
Inebrya Relax Scalp Fluid Pre Shampoo
This pre-shampoo is a dermo-purifying fluid enriched with Nettle extracts. It is a peeling treatment formulated to purify and rebalance sensitive and over stressed scalps, which helps eliminate dandruff and impurities.
Natural Look Purify Anti-Dandruff Shampoo
Natural Look shampoo is clinically proven to relieve the itching and flaking of the scalp, with the active ingredient of Zinc Pyrithione. The shampoo will cleanse the hair and scalp, while the botanical extracts works towards maintaining the hair and scalps natural moisturisers.
SO Clear Anti-Dandruff Shampoo
SO Clear Anti-Dandruff utilises Australian Extracts: Comfrey Root soothes the irritation of dry skin and relieves itching, Nettle aiding in removing loose dandruff and Peppermint Oil with pH balancing qualities to normalise scalp oil production.